Tuesday, 5 March 2013

Botvinnik's one of the best game in Sicilian Defence annotated by Botvinnik

Presenting you a one of the best Mikhail Botvinnik games in Sicilian defence annotated by Botvinnik himself before enjoying the game, below are some facts about him.

- He was one of the very few chess players who achieved success in another career while topping in chess.(Working as an Electrical Engineer and Computer Scientist)

- He was pioneer of computer chess

- His famous pupils include Garry Kasparov, Anatoly Karpov and Vladimir Karmnik.

- With the death of Alexander Alekhine in 1946, the FIDE saw its chance to take control of the World Championship and invited six players to take part in a tournament to determine the championship. With Reuben Fine declining the invitation to play, Botvinnik won it ahead of Vassily Smyslov, Paul Keres, Samuel Reshevsky, and Dr Max Euwe in the quintuple round robin FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948). He retained the crown in 1951 against David Bronstein when he tied the match, by winning and drawing his last two games. He again retained it in 1954 against Vasily Smyslov by again drawing the match, however Smyslov turned the tables in 1957 by wresting the crown from Botvinnik. At the time, a defeated champion was entitled to a return match the following year and so in 1958, Botvinnik defeated Smyslov in a return match. Likewise, after losing to Mikhail Tal in 1960, Botvinnik defeated him in a return match in 1961. He lost the title for the last time to Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian in 1963. FIDE had eliminated the return match and so Botvinnik chose to retire from world championship play.

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